Safety at Work

Four types of OHSA's health and safety risk assessment

Having a HIRA (hazard identification and risk assessment) process at your company is one of the most important tools at your disposal to ensure your company's compliant with the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA).Here are the four types of risk assessments you must do...

Most incidents in the workplace happen because of insufficient management controls. One way of ensuring your company identifies hazards and assesses safety risks is to do a complete and proper risk assessment of your workplace.

'Risk assessment refers to the process of evaluating risks to workers' safety and health from hazards at the workplace,' explains risk To ensure you're doing yours correctly, you need to follow the following steps as outlined by the Health and Safety Training Advisor.

Here're four types of risk assessments you must do in your workplace

#1. Baseline risk assessment

This is the initial assessment of risk in a workplace. It is a broad assessment and includes all activities taking place on site. A baseline HIRA is done to establish a risk profile and is used to prioritise action programmes for issue-based risk assessments.

#2. Generic risk assessment

This risk assessment is used where the same type of task is carried out at different workplaces in the same way (e.g. risk assessments of a number of warehouses storing similar goods). To do a generic risk assessment, perform a baseline risk assessment and then use this for similar work activities that involve comparable risks.

#3. Continuous risk assessment

The continuous risk assessment is an informal risk assessment performed on an on-going basis in theworkplace. It's usually performed by a supervisor who'll observe employees performing their tasks as part of his daily responsibility. From this observation the risk related to the specific performance of the task is assessed and the supervisor will stop the employee from continuing the task should it present too high a risk.

#4. Specialised risk assessments

In the field of HIRAthere are several methods available for determining specific risks associated to each individual workplace. These models each have a specific application and are used to achieve specific objectives

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