Having finished hazard identification or hazard recognition work, the next step we shall do is to perform risk assessment. According to hse.gov.uk, a risk assessment is simply a careful examination of what, in your work, could cause harm to people, so that you can weigh up whether you have taken enough precautions or should do more to prevent harm.
Risk assessment is used for determining priorities in risk control. It means that high risk work or situation will be addressed first and those with low risk level will be considered afterwards.
Now we are going to talk about steps in risk assessment. Follow these steps one by one and finish step 1 before going down to the next step.
Each hazard could harm workers, guests, temporary employees, contractor members or equipments. Determine exactly risks that are possible to happen, for instances skin irritation, cut, falling, trips, slip, hearing problem, respiratory system irritation, eye burn, property damage or even death. One specific hazard may introduce several risks. Just write down what are the possibilities.
Or alternatively, we can compare existing hazard controls with good practices, standards or applicable government regulations (legal). Record any findings or deficiencies we find.
After passing the step 4, we should be able to know our priorities, which hazards require immediate precautions and more work to reduce the risks or even to eliminate them.
Don't Forget To Update
Risk assessment is same as hazard identification. They are ongoing processes that shall be updated regularly and or after any implementation of changes in procedure, plant layout, processes and etc. Make sure our risk assessments stay up to date.